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ECNAIS : European Council of National Associations of Independent Schools



  • Cognitive Ability, Heterogeneity, Endogeneity and Returns to Schooling in Chile: Outcomes of the 1981 Capitation Grant Scheme

    Abstract: The objective of this paper is to exploit the unique information on cognitive ability contained in the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS) data, for an in depth examination of the importance of cognitive skills for heterogeneous individuals using: (a) a quantile regression methodology which allows for an interaction between schooling and cognitive skills and (b) Instrumental Variables estimation to evaluate the relationship between quantity and quality of schooling outcomes following the 1981 “vouchers” reform in Chile.… Read

  • Cooperation and lobbying for Independent Schools in Europe

    TreeLLLe (an Italian private think tank for public affairs) invited Simon Steen to give a presentation about ECNAIS on the TreeLLLE conference in Rome 25 June 2014 about How to make more space for pluralism in the Italian education system?Read

  • Does Money Matter? The Effect of Private Educational Expenditures on Academic Performance

    The causal relationship between educational investments and student outcomes continues to attract attention. The majority of studies have examined the effectiveness of public school expenditures on student outcomes. This paper attempts to shed light on the impacts of educational inputs by examining a private educational investment—private tutoring that is widely employed by South Korean parents as a supplement to public school education.… Read

  • Education Policy Outlook 2015: Making reforms happen

    This OECD Report provides comparative analysis. It is combining the country quantitative and qualitative information available at the OECD with the international assessment programs like PISA (Programme for International Students Assessment), TALIS (Teaching and Learning International Survey), PIAAC (The Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies), and with other OECD reports and studies.… Read

  • Eurydice — Entrepreneurship Education at School in Europe – 2016 Edition

    Developing and promoting entrepreneurship education has been one of the key policy objectives of the EU institutions and Member States for many years. Indeed, in the context of high youth unemployment, economic crises and rapid changes related to our complex knowledge-based economy and society, transversal skills such as entrepreneurship are essential not only to shape the mindsets of young people, but also to provide the skills,… Read

  • Eurydice Key Data on Education in Europe in 2012

    A collection of Statistics, Data and Indicators on Education in 34 European countries.… Read

  • Eurydice — Organisation of school time in Europe — 2015/16 school year

    Primary and secondary general education… Read

  • Eurydice Report: The Teaching Profession in Europe: Practices, Perceptions, and Policies

    Is the teaching profession an attractive career choice nowadays? What are teachers’ working conditions? How are teachers trained for their job? Is transnational mobility popular among them?
    This Eurydice report addresses these questions by analysing the relation between the policies that regulate the teaching profession in Europe, and the attitudes, practices, and perceptions of teachers. The analysis covers aspects such as,… Read

  • How do Vouchers Work? Evidence from Colombia

    Some voucher skeptics argue that even if school vouchers benefit recipients, they do so by improving their peer groups at the expense of others’, and if so, there may be no net benefit to society as a whole. A necessary condition for this argument is that voucher recipients have more desirable peers than they otherwise would have. We take advantage of an educational voucher program in Colombia,… Read

  • McKinsey & Company – EducationBook

    Executive Summary
    Educa­tion reform is top of the a­genda­ of a­lmost every country in the world. Yet despite ma­ssive increa­ses in spending (la­st yea­r, the world’s governments spent $2 trillion on educa­tion) a­nd a­mbitious a­ttempts a­t reform, the performa­nce of ma­ny school systems ha­s ba­rely improved in deca­des. This is a­ll the more surprising beca­use there a­re wide va­ria­tions in the qua­lity of educa­tion.… Read

  • OECD Education and Skills Newsletter (june 2015)

    Key education findings and policy directions emerging from recent OECD analysis in a single accessible free source.
    See the newsletterRead

  • PISA 2012 key findings

    PISA 2012 is the programme’s 5th survey. It assessed the competencies of 15-year-olds in reading, mathematics and science (with a focus on mathematics) in 65 countries and economies. In 44 of those countries and economies about 85 000 students also took part in an optional assessment of creative problem solving.
    Around 510 000 students between the ages of 15 years 3 months and 16 years 2 months participated in PISA 2012 representing about 28 million 15-year-olds globally.… Read

  • Press-release: Right to Education: Freedom of Choice as a way to anchor democracy and social cohesion

    The ‘economization’ of education weakens European democracies. As a way to anchor democracy and social cohesion in Europe, the EU Parliament is urged to promote freedom of school choice throughout the European Union. At a round table on 27 January 2015 in the EU Parliament, representatives of 27 organizations of independent education in Europe discussed this urgency with the EU Parliament.… Read

  • Progress towards the Lisbon objectives in Education and Training

    Indicators and benchmarks 2008… Read

  • Public financing and private management of schools: case The Netherlands (2014)

    Simon Steen wrote together with a Dutch colleague on request of TreeLLLe (an Italian private think tank for public affairs) the article Public financing and private management of schools: case The Netherlands (2014)Read

  • Recommended Annual Instruction Time in Full-time Compulsory Education in Europe 2014/15

    An analysis of recommended annual instruction time suggests that countries have a very similar focus on key basic competences in compulsory education. At primary level, most countries’ main focus is on reading, writing and literature (about 25 % of total instruction time). Mathematics takes the second largest share of total instruction time, at around 15 %. Many countries put a stronger focus on languages at compulsory secondary level compared to primary level.… Read

  • The Effectiveness of Franchises and Independent Private Schools In Chile’s National Voucher Program

    There is persistent debate over the role of scale of operations in schools. Some argue that school franchises offer educational services more effectively than small independent schools. Skeptics counter that large centralized operations create hard to manage bureaucracies and foster diseconomies of scale and that small schools are more effective at promoting higher quality education. We can gain insight into this debate by examining school systems where vouchers have been implemented on a large scale and where private school supply (franchises and independent schools) has increased.… Read

  • The Performance of Decentralized School Systems: Evidence from Fe y Alegría in Venezuela

    This program evaluation estimates the effects on standardized test scores of graduating from the Fe y Alegría private school system in Venezuela. We find an Average Treatment Effect on the order of 0.1 standard deviations, using a control group of public school students. We posit that the better performance of the.Fe y Alegría system stems from their labor contract flexibility and decentralized administrative structure.… Read

  • When Schools are the Ones that Choose: the Effect of Screening in Chile

    The voucher scheme introduced in Chile in 1981 allows for-profit private subsidized schools to choose their students. This study examines the effects of this practice on the results’ gap between private and public schools and its impact on academic performance. Information from the 2005 SIMCE test is used, in which parents were asked about the admission requirements in their children’s schools.… Read


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